Tobacco consumption has declined from 28 to 16.3 per cent of the adult population in the Americas in the first two decades of this century, reports the Buenos Aires Times.
According to a 2022 Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO) report on tobacco control in the region of the Americas, tobacco consumption has fallen to 16.3 percent in the past two decades.
Chile is the country where most adults consume tobacco (29.2 per cent), followed by Argentina, the US, Uruguay and Cuba. Panama has the lowest percentage (five).
In general, the percentage is 21.3 for men and 11.3 for women, “which reaffirms the need for the Americas to reinforce the gender aspect” in control strategies, the report said.
Among the youth population, Dominica recorded the highest rates of consumption, followed by Argentina, Mexico, Haiti and Guatemala. The adolescents in Canada, the US and Brazil smoke the least.
Of the 35 countries of the Americas, 26 are applying at least one of the six tobacco control measures recommended by the WHO since 2008. According to the report, last year, 24 countries in the region applied protective measures against exposure to the tobacco smoke of others, 22 have warnings on cigarette packs and nine have a total ban on cigarette ads. Three countries (Argentina, Brazil and Chile) impose excise taxes on cigarettes representing three-quarters or more of the retail price.
South America is the first smoke-free subregion in the Americas, where smoking is banned in public and closed spaces and on public transport.